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2018年天津中考英语备考练习题及答案(二)

2017-08-22 10:59:32 点击:0 评论:0

本文导航

第1页考试试题

第2页2016全国中考真题

第3页2017中考热点资讯

第4页天津热点导航

第5页2017中考英语试题

第6页英语备考资料

单项选择(每小题1.5分,共15分)

请你从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

16. Don’t make me_______ this or that. I’m too busy.

A. to do B. do

C. doing D. done

17. I want to know _______do to help my mother.

A. what I can B. what can I

C. how I can D. how can I

18. The book _______he bought yesterday is very interesting.

A. why B. /

C. when D. what

19. I’ve got a camera ______has got his name on it.

A. which B. whom

C. who D. /

20. he is ill, he is not here today.

A. Because B. Because of

C. So D. Though

21. That is what I want.

A. exact B. exactly

C. quite D. very

22. Mother doesn’t allow me to go out alone weekends. She is very strict me.

A. in; with B. at; in

C. on; in D. at; with

23. I’ll be home late, but please don’t for me. You’d better go to bed first.

A. stay up B. wake up

C. fall asleep D. go to bed

24. The old man needed a rest, for he had done too much work.

A. having B. to hav e

C. had D. have

25. Hurry up! Your homework in one hour.

A. must finish B. will finish

C. must be finished D. won’t finish

Ⅲ.完形填空(每小题1分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳选项。

There are many differences between Chinese and Western eating habits. In the West,everyone has their own 26 of food. But in China the dishes are 27 on the table and everyone shares. If you are being treated by a Chinese host,there must be 28 food prepared for you. Chinese are very 29 of their culture and will do their best to show their hospitality (好客).

And sometimes the Chinese host uses their 30 to put food in your bowl or plate. This is a sign of politeness. The proper thing to do would be to eat the whatever-it-is and say how 31 it is. If you feel ufortable with this,you can just say a polite “Thanks” and leave the food there. Don’t 32 your chopsticks upright into the rice bowl. Instead,lay (放置) them on your dish. The reason for this is that when somebody 33 ,the shrin e (神祠) has a bowl of sand or rice with two chopsticks which are stuck upright in it. It is impolite to set the teapot down where the spout (壶嘴) is facing 34 somebody. The spout should always be directed to where nobody is sitting,usually just outward (向外) from the table.

Don’t hit on your bowl with your chopsticks. Beggars (乞丐) hit on their bowls,so this is not polite. Also,when the food ising too 35 in a restaurant,people will tap their bowls. If you are in someone’s home,it is like offending the cook.

26. A. table B. plate

C. favorite D. meal

27. A. made B. cooked

C. eaten D. placed

28. A. a bit of B. a bit

C. a lot of D. a little

29. A. afraid B. tired

C. proud D. certain

30. A. knives B. forks

C. hands D. chopsticks

31. A. delicious B. beautiful

C. terrible D.fortable

32. A. fall B. throw

C. knock D. stick

33. A.es B. goes

C. dies D. lives

34. A. against B. towards

C. over D. above

35. A. often B. early

C. slow D. fast

Ⅳ.阅读理解(每小题2分,共30分)

阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳选项。

A

Paragraph 1:Scientists have learned a lot about the kinds of food people need. They

say that there are several kinds of food that people should eat every day. They are: (1)green and yellow vegetables of all kinds;(2) citrus(柑橘)fruits and tomatoes;(3)potatoes and other fruits and vegetables;(4)meat of all kinds,fish and eggs;(5)milk and foods made from milk; (6) bread or cereal(谷类食物),rice is also in this kind of food;(7)butter,or something like butter.

Paragraph 2:People in different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a clay. Scientists say that none of the differences is really important. It doesn’t matter whether foods are eaten raw or cooked. It doesn’t matter if a person eats dinner at 4 o’clock in the afternoon or at eleven o’clock at night. The important thing is what you eat every day.

Paragraph 3:There are two problems,then,in feeding the large number of people in the earth. The first is to find some ways to feed the world’s population so that no one is hungry. The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kinds of food to make them grow to be strong and healthy.

36.From the first paragraph we know noodles belong to a kind of_______food.

A. vegetable B. fruit

C. meat D. cereal

37.According to the scientists, which of the following groups is the healthiest for your lunch?

A. Chicken,apples,cereal and cabbages.

B. Potatoes,carrots,rice and bread.

C. Oranges,bananas,fish and tomatoes.

D. Beef,pork,fish and milk.

38.People in different countries and different places of the world_________.

A. have the right kinds of food to eat

B. cook their food in the same way

C. have their meals at the same time

D. eat food in different ways

39.Which of the following is NOT true?

A. People in some places don’t have enough food to eat.

B. There are too many people in the world.

C. One of the problems is that no one is hungry.

D. The scientists are trying to make people grow strong and healthy.

40.If there is Paragraph 4,what do you think is going to be talked about?

A. When people eat their lunch

B. What to do with the two problems

C. How to cook food in different ways

D. Why people in different places eat different kinds of food

B

Will it matter if you don’t take your breakfast? A short time ago, a test was given in the United States. People of different ages, from 12 to 83, were asked to have a test. During the test, these people were given all kinds of breakfast, and sometimes they got no breakfast at all. Scientists wanted to see how well their bodies worked when they had eaten different kinds of breakfast.

The results show that if a person eats a right breakfast, he or she will work better than if he or she has no breakfast. If a student has fruit, egg, bread and milk before going to school, he or she will learn more quickly and listen more carefully.

The result is opposite to what some people think. Havi ng no breakfast will not help you lose weight. This is because people be so hungry at noon that they eat too much for lunch. They will gain weight(增加体重) instead of losing it. You will lose more weight if you reduce your other meals.

41. During the test, the people were given ________.

A. no breakfast at all B. different foods or nothing

C. very rich breakfast D. little food for breakfast

42. The results show that ___________.

A. breakfast has a great effect (影响) on work and studies

B. breakfast has little to do with a person’s work

C. a person will work better if he or she only has fruit and milk

D. girl students should have little for breakfast

43. According to the passage, some people think that if you don’t have breakfast you will __________.

A. be healthier B. work better

C. lose weight D. los e your way

44. The word “reduce” in the last sentence means _______.

A. 增加 B. 减少

C. 放弃 D. 享用

45. Which of the following is not right?

A. It is bad for your health to have no breakfast.

B. Too little for breakfast and too much for lunch may make you fatter.

C. If you don’t eat much for lunch and supper, you may lose weight.

D. The more breakfast you have, the more quickly you’ll learn in class.

C

Nowadays more and more people in the world are getting fatter, which troubles them a lot. In the past 25 years, the number of the people with obesity (肥胖症)in Europe has grown fast. Experts say that it has a lot to do with our eating habits.

Our eating habits are very important for good health and a strong body.①Most of us prefer eating sweets and ice cream to eating meat and rice. Sweets and ice cream are not bad for us if we eat them at the end of a meal. If we eat them before a meal, they may take away our appetite(食欲).

②It’s important for us to eat our meal at the same time each day. When we feel worried or excited, we may not want to eat. A long time ago, in England, some judges often decided whether a man was telling the truth by giving him some dry bread. If the man could not swallow the bread, it meant that he wasn’t telling the truth. A man who is worrying something has difficulty in swallowing anything dry, because he loses his appetite.

任务1:完成①句的同义句。

46. Most of us like eating sweets and ice cream ______ ______ meat and rice.

任务2:把②处句子翻译汉语

47._________________________________________________

任务3:根据短文内容回答问题。

48.When should we eat sweets and ice cream?

_________________________________________________________________________

49.What may happen if we feel worried or excited?

________________________________________________________________________

任务4:根据英语解释及首字母提示,写出这个单词。

50. s______ :take food or drink into the stomach through the throat

Ⅴ.补全对话(每小题1分,共5分)

根据对话内容,从方框内所给的选项中选出最佳选项。

Alice: Hello?

Susan: Hello. 51

Alice: Yes, it is.

Susan: 52 Would you like to go to the bookstore with me tomorrow? I’d like to buy some books.

Alice: Sorry. I don’t need any books. 53 I can read books on the Inte.

Susan: Yes, but you can’t always read on theputer. 54

Alice: Oh, I see.

Susan: And i n the bookstore we can find many wonderful books.

Alice: OK. I’ll go with you. 55

Susan: What about three o’clock tomorrow afternoon?

Alice: Great. See you then.

Susan: See you.

A. It’s Susan here.

B. I’ve got myputer.

C. Is that Alice?

????D.??When??sh

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